Signal of PFS Improvement in SIENDO for Selinexor-Treated Patients was Observed Only in Subgroup Who are TP53 Wild-Type with a Median Progression-Free Survival of 27.4 Months
Median PFS Not Reached for Selinexor-Treated Patients Who are TP53 Wild-Type MSS (pMMR)
Updated Analysis Provides Further Rationale for XPORT-EC-042, the Ongoing Pivotal Phase 3 Study (NCT05611931) Evaluating Selinexor as Maintenance Therapy in TP53 Wild-Type Endometrial Cancer
NEWTON, Mass., July 25, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc. (Nasdaq: KPTI), a commercial-stage pharmaceutical company pioneering novel cancer therapies, today announced the presentation of updated exploratory subgroup analyses from the SIENDO study (NCT03555422) in patients with advanced or recurrent TP53 wild-type endometrial cancer at the virtual American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Plenary Series.
Currently, there are no specific targeted therapies available for patients with TP53 wild-type endometrial cancer. Advanced and recurrent endometrial cancer is associated with a poor prognosis, including limited disease control for patients who relapse after first-line systemic treatment.1 TP53 wild-type is found in approximately 50% of advanced/recurrent tumors in patients with endometrial cancer.2,3 TP53 wild-type is observed in both MSS (pMMR) and MSI-H (dMMR) populations. Recently there has been progress in potential treatment options in the MSI-H (dMMR) subgroup with new targeted treatments. However, a large unmet need continues to exist for MSS (pMMR), which comprises approximately 70% of all endometrial cancer patients and of that population, approximately 70% are TP53 wild-type.
The primary analysis of the Phase 3 SIENDO study of selinexor maintenance therapy in advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer showed improvements in median progression-free survival (PFS) for the intent-to-treat (ITT) population but were not clinically meaningful. However, an exploratory analysis of a pre-specified subgroup of patients with TP53 wild-type endometrial cancer showed a promising efficacy signal. In the SIENDO study, 263 patients were randomly assigned, with 174 patients allocated to the selinexor arm and 89 patients to the placebo arm. One hundred and thirteen patients with TP53 wild-type endometrial cancer were randomized to receive selinexor (n=77) vs placebo (n=36) as maintenance therapy. As of the March 30, 2023 data cut-off date, and a median duration of follow-up of 25.3 months, selinexor-treated patients with TP53 wild-type endometrial cancer had a median PFS of 27.4 months compared to 5.2 months for patients with TP53 wild-type endometrial cancer receiving placebo. Additionally, median PFS was not reached for selinexor-treated TP53 wild-type MSS (pMMR) endometrial cancer patients compared to 4.9 months for TP53 wild-type MSS (pMMR) endometrial cancer patients treated with placebo.
No new safety signals were identified as of the last data cut-off date on March 30, 2023. The most common adverse events (AEs) in TP53 wild-type patients were nausea (91%), vomiting (61%) and diarrhea (40%), the majority of which were grades 1-2. The most common reported grade 3-4 treatment-emergent AEs (TEAEs) included neutropenia (18%), nausea (12%), and thrombocytopenia (9%). TEAEs leading to discontinuations were reported in 16% of patients.
The SIENDO exploratory subgroup data provides further rationale for the ongoing pivotal Phase 3 study (XPORT-EC-042; NCT05611931) of selinexor as a maintenance therapy following systemic therapy in patients with TP53 wild-type advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer with the strongest signal in TP53 wild-type, MSS (pMMR). Karyopharm is currently enrolling patients in the pivotal Phase 3 study of selinexor as a maintenance therapy following systemic therapy in patients with TP53 wild-type advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer (XPORT-EC-042; NCT05611931) to better understand the exploratory subgroup analysis. This trial includes a companion diagnostic tool under development by Foundation Medicine, Inc. Karyopharm entered into a global collaboration with Foundation Medicine, Inc. to develop FoundationOne®CDx, a tissue-based comprehensive genomic profiling test to identify and enroll patients whose tumors are TP53 wild-type.
"The updated results from SIENDO suggest that selinexor may have the potential to prolong systemic therapy response in patients whose disease is TP53 wild-type. Particularly encouraging are the data observed in the subgroup of patients whose disease are both TP53 wild-type and MSS," said Reshma Rangwala, MD, PhD, Chief Medical Officer of Karyopharm. "We are encouraged by the updated results from this study as it further strengthens the rationale for our ongoing EC-042 Phase 3 study."
"Treatment options for women with advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer are rapidly evolving with the identification of molecular subgroups. Limited options, however, still persist among certain subgroups, including patients with mismatch repair-proficient disease (pMMR), who comprise about 70% of endometrial cancers," said Dr. Ignace Vergote, principal investigator and gynecologist oncologist, ENGOT and the Belgium and Luxembourg Gynaecological Oncology Group (BGOG), University of Leuven, Leuven Cancer Institute, Leuven, Belgium. "TP53 is a well-recognized molecular marker in endometrial cancer. About 50% of patients with advanced, recurrent endometrial cancer have disease identified as TP53 wild-type and about 70% of those further classified as a pMMR. The EC-042 study is designed to show that inhibition of XPO1 with selinexor may provide a potential new therapeutic option for these patients."
"The long-term follow-up in the TP53 wild-type subgroup from the SIENDO trial is extremely encouraging and suggests that TP53 status could be an important biomarker that can identify patients who benefit from XPO1 inhibition with selinexor," said Dr. Brian Slomovitz, Director of Gynecologic Oncology and Co-Chair of the Cancer Research Committee at Mount Sinai Medical Center, and Uterine Cancer Trial Advisor for GOG Partners, Inc. "Given the unmet need that remains for patients whose disease is pMMR as well as the encouraging exploratory data in the subgroup of patients who are classified as TP53 wild-type and pMMR, a potential new paradigm for both the diagnosis and treatment of women with endometrial cancer may be identified. I look forward to the ongoing progress of EC-042 to further explore this hypothesis."
ASCO Plenary Series Program
Title: Long-term follow up of selinexor maintenance in patients with TP53wt advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer: A pre-specified subgroup analysis from the phase 3 ENGOT-EN5/GOG-3055/SIENDO study.
Presenter: Brian Slomovitz, MD, Mount Sinai Medical Center
Session Date and Time: Tuesday July 25, 2023, 3:00pm - 4:00pm (ET)
This livestream event presented by ASCO is free to register at:
About the EC-042 Study
EC-042 (XPORT-EC-042; NCT05611931) is a global, Phase 3, randomized, double-blind study evaluating selinexor as a maintenance therapy following systemic therapy in patients with TP53 wild-type advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer. The EC-042 study was initiated in November 2022 and is expected to enroll up to 220 patients who will be randomized 1:1 to receive either a 60 mg, once-weekly, administration of oral selinexor or placebo until disease progression. The primary endpoint of the study is progression free survival (PFS), as assessed by an investigator, with overall survival as a key secondary endpoint. Further, in connection with the EC-042 Study, Karyopharm entered into a global collaboration with Foundation Medicine, Inc. to develop FoundationOne®CDx, a tissue-based comprehensive genomic profiling test to identify and enroll patients whose tumors are TP53 wild-type.
About the SIENDO Study
Karyopharm's evaluation of selinexor to treat patients with TP53 wild-type advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer is supported by data from an exploratory subgroup analysis from its ongoing SIENDO Study, a European Network of Gynaecological Oncological Trial Groups (ENGOT)-led trial in collaboration with the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) Foundation, Inc. The SIENDO Study is a multicenter, randomized, double-blinded Phase 3 study evaluating the efficacy and safety of oral selinexor versus placebo as a front-line maintenance therapy in patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer following at least one prior platinum-based combination chemotherapy treatment (NCT03555422). Participants in this study with advanced or recurrent disease who had a partial response or a complete response after at least 12 weeks of taxane-platinum combination chemotherapy were randomized in a 2:1 manner to receive either maintenance therapy of 80 mg of selinexor or placebo taken once per week, until disease progression. The primary endpoint in the study was PFS from time of randomization until death or disease progression as assessed by an investigator, with the goal of the study demonstrating a HR of 0.6. In the first quarter of 2022, Karyopharm presented top-line data from the SIENDO study, including preliminary exploratory subgroup analyses. Selinexor-treated patients had a median PFS of 5.7 months compared to 3.8 months for patients on placebo in the full trial population, which was not clinically meaningful. Patients in the exploratory subgroup of TP53 wild-type advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer treated with selinexor had a median PFS of 13.7 months compared to 3.7 months for the exploratory subgroup patients on placebo. There were no new safety signals identified, and a discontinuation rate of 10.5% due to adverse events (AEs). The most common treatment-emergent AEs in the SIENDO study of any grade were: nausea (84%), vomiting (52%), constipation (37%) and thrombocytopenia (37%). The most common grade 3 treatment-emergent AEs were nausea (10%), neutropenia (9%), thrombocytopenia (7%) and asthenia (6%).
About Endometrial Cancer
Endometrial cancer is the most common cancer of the female reproductive organs in the U.S., with approximately 66,000 new cases expected in 2023 leading to nearly 13,000 deaths.4 In 2020, there were approximately 130,000 new cases and 29,000 deaths in Europe from endometrial cancer, while on a global scale there were 417,000 new cases and approximately 97,000 deaths.5 Since 2002, the incidence of new cases and deaths from endometrial cancer have risen.6 Risk factors include obesity, Type 2 diabetes, high-fat diets, use of tamoxifen and oral estrogens, and delayed menopause.7 There are no approved therapies in the maintenance setting for patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer.8
About XPOVIO® (selinexor)
XPOVIO is a first-in-class, oral exportin 1 (XPO1) inhibitor and the first of Karyopharm's Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE) compounds to be approved for the treatment of cancer. XPOVIO functions by selectively binding to and inhibiting the nuclear export protein XPO1. XPOVIO is approved in the U.S. and marketed by Karyopharm in multiple oncology indications, including: (i) in combination with Velcade® (bortezomib) and dexamethasone (XVd) in patients with multiple myeloma after at least one prior therapy; (ii) in combination with dexamethasone in patients with heavily pre-treated multiple myeloma; and (iii) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), including DLBCL arising from follicular lymphoma, after at least two lines of systemic therapy. XPOVIO (also known as NEXPOVIO® in certain countries) has received regulatory approvals in various indications in a growing number of ex-U.S. territories and countries, including but not limited to the European Union, the United Kingdom, China, South Korea, Canada, Israel and Taiwan. XPOVIO and NEXPOVIO is marketed by Karyopharm's partners, Antengene, Menarini, Neopharm and FORUS, in China, South Korea, Singapore, Australia, Hong Kong, Germany, Austria, Israel and Canada.
Please refer to the local Prescribing Information for full details.
Selinexor is also being investigated in several other mid- and late-stage clinical trials across multiple high unmet need cancer indications, including in endometrial cancer and myelofibrosis.
For more information about Karyopharm's products or clinical trials, please contact the Medical Information department at:
Tel: +1 (888) 209-9326
SELECT IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Warnings and Precautions
- Thrombocytopenia: Monitor platelet counts throughout treatment. Manage with dose interruption and/or reduction and supportive care.
- Neutropenia: Monitor neutrophil counts throughout treatment. Manage with dose interruption and/or reduction and granulocyte colony–stimulating factors.
- Gastrointestinal Toxicity: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, and weight loss may occur. Provide antiemetic prophylaxis. Manage with dose interruption and/or reduction, antiemetics, and supportive care.
- Hyponatremia: Monitor serum sodium levels throughout treatment. Correct for concurrent hyperglycemia and high serum paraprotein levels. Manage with dose interruption, reduction, or discontinuation, and supportive care.
- Serious Infection: Monitor for infection and treat promptly.
- Neurological Toxicity: Advise patients to refrain from driving and engaging in hazardous occupations or activities until neurological toxicity resolves. Optimize hydration status and concomitant medications to avoid dizziness or mental status changes.
- Embryo–Fetal Toxicity: Can cause fetal harm. Advise females of reproductive potential and males with a female partner of reproductive potential, of the potential risk to a fetus and use of effective contraception.
- Cataract: Cataracts may develop or progress. Treatment of cataracts usually requires surgical removal of the cataract.
- The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) in patients with multiple myeloma who receive XVd are fatigue, nausea, decreased appetite, diarrhea, peripheral neuropathy, upper respiratory tract infection, decreased weight, cataract and vomiting. Grade 3–4 laboratory abnormalities (≥10%) are thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia, hypophosphatemia, anemia, hyponatremia and neutropenia. In the BOSTON trial, fatal adverse reactions occurred in 6% of patients within 30 days of last treatment. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 52% of patients. Treatment discontinuation rate due to adverse reactions was 19%.
- The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) in patients with multiple myeloma who receive Xd are thrombocytopenia, fatigue, nausea, anemia, decreased appetite, decreased weight, diarrhea, vomiting, hyponatremia, neutropenia, leukopenia, constipation, dyspnea and upper respiratory tract infection. In the STORM trial, fatal adverse reactions occurred in 9% of patients. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 58% of patients. Treatment discontinuation rate due to adverse reactions was 27%.
- The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) in patients with DLBCL, excluding laboratory abnormalities, are fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, appetite decrease, weight decrease, constipation, vomiting, and pyrexia. Grade 3–4 laboratory abnormalities (≥15%) are thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia, neutropenia, anemia, and hyponatremia. In the SADAL trial, fatal adverse reactions occurred in 3.7% of patients within 30 days, and 5% of patients within 60 days of last treatment; the most frequent fatal adverse reactions was infection (4.5% of patients). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 46% of patients; the most frequent serious adverse reaction was infection (21% of patients). Discontinuation due to adverse reactions occurred in 17% of patients.
Use In Specific Populations
Lactation: Advise not to breastfeed.
For additional product information, including full prescribing information, please visit www.XPOVIO.com.
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc. at 1–888–209–9326 or FDA at 1–800–FDA–1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
About Karyopharm Therapeutics
Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc. (Nasdaq: KPTI) is a commercial-stage pharmaceutical company pioneering novel cancer therapies. Since its founding, Karyopharm has been an industry leader in oral Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE) compound technology, which was developed to address a fundamental mechanism of oncogenesis: nuclear export dysregulation. Karyopharm's lead SINE compound and first-in-class, oral exportin 1 (XPO1) inhibitor, XPOVIO® (selinexor), is approved in the U.S. and marketed by the Company in three oncology indications and has received regulatory approvals in various indications in a growing number of ex-U.S. territories and countries, including Europe and the United Kingdom (as NEXPOVIO®) and China. Karyopharm has a focused pipeline targeting multiple high unmet need cancer indications, including in multiple myeloma, endometrial cancer, myelodysplastic neoplasms and myelofibrosis. For more information about our people, science and pipeline, please visit www.karyopharm.com, and follow us on Twitter at @Karyopharm and LinkedIn.
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements include those regarding the ability of selinexor to treat patients with endometrial cancer; and expectations related to the clinical development of selinexor and potential regulatory submissions of selinexor. Such statements are subject to numerous important factors, risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond Karyopharm's control, that may cause actual events or results to differ materially from Karyopharm's current expectations. For example, there can be no guarantee that Karyopharm will successfully commercialize XPOVIO or that any of Karyopharm's drug candidates, including selinexor and eltanexor, will successfully complete necessary clinical development phases or that development of any of Karyopharm's drug candidates will continue. Further, there can be no guarantee that any positive developments in the development or commercialization of Karyopharm's drug candidate portfolio will result in stock price appreciation. Management's expectations and, therefore, any forward-looking statements in this press release could also be affected by risks and uncertainties relating to a number of other factors, including the following: the adoption of XPOVIO in the commercial marketplace, the timing and costs involved in commercializing XPOVIO or any of Karyopharm's drug candidates that receive regulatory approval; the ability to obtain and retain regulatory approval of XPOVIO or any of Karyopharm's drug candidates that receive regulatory approval; Karyopharm's results of clinical trials and preclinical studies, including subsequent analysis of existing data and new data received from ongoing and future studies; the content and timing of decisions made by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and other regulatory authorities, investigational review boards at clinical trial sites and publication review bodies, including with respect to the need for additional clinical studies; the ability of Karyopharm or its third party collaborators or successors in interest to fully perform their respective obligations under the applicable agreement and the potential future financial implications of such agreement; Karyopharm's ability to enroll patients in its clinical trials; unplanned cash requirements and expenditures; development or regulatory approval of drug candidates by Karyopharm's competitors for products or product candidates in which Karyopharm is currently commercializing or developing; the direct or indirect impact of the COVID-19 pandemic or any future pandemic on Karyopharm's business, results of operations and financial condition; and Karyopharm's ability to obtain, maintain and enforce patent and other intellectual property protection for any of its products or product candidates. These and other risks are described under the caption "Risk Factors" in Karyopharm's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2023, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on May 4, 2023, and in other filings that Karyopharm may make with the SEC in the future. Any forward-looking statements contained in this press release speak only as of the date hereof, and, except as required by law, Karyopharm expressly disclaims any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
XPOVIO® and NEXPOVIO® are registered trademarks of Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc. Any other trademarks referred to in this release are the property of their respective owners.
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2 Oaknin, A., Bosse T, Creutzberg C, et al. Ann Oncol. 2022;860-877.
3 Nakamura M, Obata T, Diakoku T, et al. Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Nov;20(21): 5482.
4 American Cancer Society, About Endometrial Cancer: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/endometrial-cancer/about/key-statistics.html (accessed July 14, 2023)
5 International Agency for Research on Cancer, World Health Organization. "Corpus uteri Fact Sheet." Cancer Today, 2020: https://gco.iarc.fr/today/data/factsheets/cancers/24-Corpus-uteri-fact-sheet.pdf (accessed July 14, 2023)
6 Seer Cancer Incidence Rate Estimates, National Cancer Institute. Bethesda, MD. https://seer.cancer.gov/statistics/preliminary-estimates/ (accessed July 17, 2023)
7 American Cancer Society, Endometrial Cancer Risk Factors. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/endometrial-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html (accessed July 14, 2023)
8 Corr B, Cosgrove C, Spinosa D, et al. BMJ Medicine, 2022;1:e000152.
SOURCE Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc.