Phase 3 Study is Supported by Previously Presented Phase 1 Study Results, Including a 78.6% SVR35 and 58.3% TSS50 in Intent to Treat Patients at Week 24 at the 60mg Dose
NEWTON, Mass., June 28, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc. (Nasdaq: KPTI), a commercial-stage pharmaceutical company pioneering novel cancer therapies, today announced the initiation of a pivotal Phase 3 clinical trial (XPORT-MF-034) (NCT04562389) to assess the efficacy and safety of once-weekly selinexor 60mg in combination with ruxolitinib in JAKi-naïve patients with myelofibrosis.
The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study is expected to enroll 306 JAKi-naive patients with intermediate or high-risk myelofibrosis. Patients will be randomized 2:1 to ruxolitinib plus selinexor 60mg or ruxolitinib plus placebo in 28-day cycles. Ruxolitinib dose will be determined by the investigators based on the patients' baseline platelet count per the drug's prescribing information. The co-primary endpoints of the study are spleen volume response rate of ≥ 35% (SVR35) and symptom improvement of ≥ 50% (TSS50) at week 24, with a key secondary endpoint of anemia response at week 24.
"Selinexor and ruxolitinib appear to work synergistically, resulting in meaningful improvements in spleen response and total symptom score for patients with myelofibrosis," said Reshma Rangwala, MD, PhD, Chief Medical Officer of Karyopharm. "We believe that an opportunity exists to expand upon the initial response, depth, and duration of JAK inhibitors to ultimately improve patient outcomes. This combination has the potential to become a cornerstone treatment in front-line myelofibrosis and we are excited to start this pivotal trial to deliver on our goal of bringing forward an innovative new approach for the treatment of myelofibrosis that can benefit MF patients."
"The substantial degree of spleen volume reduction observed across all subgroups with selinexor 60mg in combination with ruxolitinib is very encouraging. There is a significant unmet need in the treatment of patients with myelofibrosis, and these data demonstrate that the addition of XPO1 inhibition with selinexor with standard-of-care ruxolitinib has the potential to significantly improve outcomes for first-line myelofibrosis patients," said Dr. John Mascarenhas, Professor of Medicine at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and Director of the Center of Excellence for Blood Cancers and Myeloid Disorders. "As the principal investigator for the Phase 3 study, I look forward to defining a potential new standard of care for Jak naïve MF patients."
Updated data from the Phase 1 study recently presented at American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2023, American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2023 and European Hematology Association (EHA) 2023 showed rapid, deep and sustained spleen responses and robust symptom improvement in patients treated with selinexor 60mg in combination with ruxolitinib as of the April 10, 2023 data cut-off date:
- At week 24, 91.7% (11/12) of efficacy evaluable patients demonstrated SVR35 and 77.8% (7/9) achieved TSS50. The intent to treat population achieved a 78.6% (11/14) SVR35 and 58.3% (7/12) TSS50 respectively.
- SVR35 responses were observed in 100% (12/12) of evaluable patients at any time and rates were consistent regardless of subgroups, including males and patients treated with low dose ruxolitinib.
- Improvement in major spleen and cytokine-related symptoms were observed across all Myelofibrosis Symptom Assessment Form domains.
- Selinexor was generally well tolerated with a manageable side effect profile, allowing most patients to remain on therapy, up to 74 weeks, as of the data cut-off date. The most common treatment emergent adverse events, regardless of grade, experienced with the 60mg selinexor dose, in combination with ruxolitinib were nausea (78.6%), anemia (64.3%), thrombocytopenia (64.3%) and fatigue (57.1%), and most common treatment emergent grade ≥3 adverse events experienced with the 60mg selinexor dose, in combination with ruxolitinib were anemia (42.9%), thrombocytopenia (28.6%) and back pain (14.3%)
- 75% of nausea events were grade 1, were mostly transient and did not lead to treatment-related discontinuations. Nausea rates and grades were reduced for patients who received prophylactic antiemetics. Meaningful weight gain was observed at week 24 despite the incidence of nausea and vomiting.
Further information about the Phase 3 study can be found at www.clinicaltrials.gov.
Karyopharm expects to present top-line data readout from this study in 2025. The company plans to expand its clinical development program in myelofibrosis by investigating selinexor in other front-line opportunities, such as novel combinations, to benefit the greatest number of myelofibrosis patients.
About XPOVIO® (selinexor)
XPOVIO is a first-in-class, oral exportin 1 (XPO1) inhibitor and the first of Karyopharm's Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE) compounds to be approved for the treatment of cancer. XPOVIO functions by selectively binding to and inhibiting the nuclear export protein XPO1. XPOVIO is approved in the U.S. and marketed by Karyopharm in multiple oncology indications, including: (i) in combination with Velcade® (bortezomib) and dexamethasone (XVd) in patients with multiple myeloma after at least one prior therapy; (ii) in combination with dexamethasone in patients with heavily pre-treated multiple myeloma; and (iii) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), including DLBCL arising from follicular lymphoma, after at least two lines of systemic therapy. XPOVIO (also known as NEXPOVIO® in certain countries) has received regulatory approvals in various indications in a growing number of ex-U.S. territories and countries, including but not limited to the European Union, the United Kingdom, China, South Korea, Canada, Israel and Taiwan. XPOVIO and NEXPOVIO is marketed by Karyopharm's partners, Antengene, Menarini, Neopharm and FORUS, in China, South Korea, Singapore, Australia, Hong Kong, Germany, Austria, Israel and Canada.
Please refer to the local Prescribing Information for full details.
Selinexor is also being investigated in several other mid- and late-stage clinical trials across multiple high unmet need cancer indications, including in endometrial cancer and myelofibrosis.
For more information about Karyopharm's products or clinical trials, please contact the Medical Information department at:
Tel: +1 (888) 209-9326
SELECT IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Warnings and Precautions
- Thrombocytopenia: Monitor platelet counts throughout treatment. Manage with dose interruption and/or reduction and supportive care.
- Neutropenia: Monitor neutrophil counts throughout treatment. Manage with dose interruption and/or reduction and granulocyte colony–stimulating factors.
- Gastrointestinal Toxicity: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, and weight loss may occur. Provide antiemetic prophylaxis. Manage with dose interruption and/or reduction, antiemetics, and supportive care.
- Hyponatremia: Monitor serum sodium levels throughout treatment. Correct for concurrent hyperglycemia and high serum paraprotein levels. Manage with dose interruption, reduction, or discontinuation, and supportive care.
- Serious Infection: Monitor for infection and treat promptly.
- Neurological Toxicity: Advise patients to refrain from driving and engaging in hazardous occupations or activities until neurological toxicity resolves. Optimize hydration status and concomitant medications to avoid dizziness or mental status changes.
- Embryo–Fetal Toxicity: Can cause fetal harm. Advise females of reproductive potential and males with a female partner of reproductive potential, of the potential risk to a fetus and use of effective contraception.
- Cataract: Cataracts may develop or progress. Treatment of cataracts usually requires surgical removal of the cataract.
- The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) in patients with multiple myeloma who receive XVd are fatigue, nausea, decreased appetite, diarrhea, peripheral neuropathy, upper respiratory tract infection, decreased weight, cataract and vomiting. Grade 3–4 laboratory abnormalities (≥10%) are thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia, hypophosphatemia, anemia, hyponatremia and neutropenia. In the BOSTON trial, fatal adverse reactions occurred in 6% of patients within 30 days of last treatment. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 52% of patients. Treatment discontinuation rate due to adverse reactions was 19%.
- The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) in patients with multiple myeloma who receive Xd are thrombocytopenia, fatigue, nausea, anemia, decreased appetite, decreased weight, diarrhea, vomiting, hyponatremia, neutropenia, leukopenia, constipation, dyspnea and upper respiratory tract infection. In the STORM trial, fatal adverse reactions occurred in 9% of patients. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 58% of patients. Treatment discontinuation rate due to adverse reactions was 27%.
- The most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) in patients with DLBCL, excluding laboratory abnormalities, are fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, appetite decrease, weight decrease, constipation, vomiting, and pyrexia. Grade 3–4 laboratory abnormalities (≥15%) are thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia, neutropenia, anemia, and hyponatremia. In the SADAL trial, fatal adverse reactions occurred in 3.7% of patients within 30 days, and 5% of patients within 60 days of last treatment; the most frequent fatal adverse reactions was infection (4.5% of patients). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 46% of patients; the most frequent serious adverse reaction was infection (21% of patients). Discontinuation due to adverse reactions occurred in 17% of patients.
Use In Specific Populations
Lactation: Advise not to breastfeed.
For additional product information, including full prescribing information, please visit www.XPOVIO.com.
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc. at 1–888–209–9326 or FDA at 1–800–FDA–1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
About Karyopharm Therapeutics
Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc. (Nasdaq: KPTI) is a commercial-stage pharmaceutical company pioneering novel cancer therapies. Since its founding, Karyopharm has been an industry leader in oral Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE) compound technology, which was developed to address a fundamental mechanism of oncogenesis: nuclear export dysregulation. Karyopharm's lead SINE compound and first-in-class, oral exportin 1 (XPO1) inhibitor, XPOVIO® (selinexor), is approved in the U.S. and marketed by the Company in three oncology indications and has received regulatory approvals in various indications in a growing number of ex-U.S. territories and countries, including Europe and the United Kingdom (as NEXPOVIO®) and China. Karyopharm has a focused pipeline targeting multiple high unmet need cancer indications, including in multiple myeloma, endometrial cancer, myelodysplastic neoplasms and myelofibrosis. For more information about our people, science and pipeline, please visit www.karyopharm.com, and follow us on Twitter at @Karyopharm and LinkedIn.
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements include those regarding the ability of selinexor to treat patients with myelofibrosis; and expectations related to the clinical development of selinexor and potential regulatory submissions of selinexor. Such statements are subject to numerous important factors, risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond Karyopharm's control, that may cause actual events or results to differ materially from Karyopharm's current expectations. For example, there can be no guarantee that Karyopharm will successfully commercialize XPOVIO or that any of Karyopharm's drug candidates, including selinexor and eltanexor, will successfully complete necessary clinical development phases or that development of any of Karyopharm's drug candidates will continue. Further, there can be no guarantee that any positive developments in the development or commercialization of Karyopharm's drug candidate portfolio will result in stock price appreciation. Management's expectations and, therefore, any forward-looking statements in this press release could also be affected by risks and uncertainties relating to a number of other factors, including the following: the risk that the COVID-19 pandemic could disrupt Karyopharm's business more severely than it currently anticipates, including by negatively impacting sales of XPOVIO, interrupting or delaying research and development efforts, impacting the ability to procure sufficient supply for the development and commercialization of selinexor or other product candidates, delaying ongoing or planned clinical trials, impeding the execution of business plans, planned regulatory milestones and timelines, or inconveniencing patients; the adoption of XPOVIO in the commercial marketplace, the timing and costs involved in commercializing XPOVIO or any of Karyopharm's drug candidates that receive regulatory approval; the ability to obtain and retain regulatory approval of XPOVIO or any of Karyopharm's drug candidates that receive regulatory approval; Karyopharm's results of clinical trials and preclinical studies, including subsequent analysis of existing data and new data received from ongoing and future studies; the content and timing of decisions made by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and other regulatory authorities, investigational review boards at clinical trial sites and publication review bodies, including with respect to the need for additional clinical studies; the ability of Karyopharm or its third party collaborators or successors in interest to fully perform their respective obligations under the applicable agreement and the potential future financial implications of such agreement; Karyopharm's ability to enroll patients in its clinical trials; unplanned cash requirements and expenditures; development or regulatory approval of drug candidates by Karyopharm's competitors for products or product candidates in which Karyopharm is currently commercializing or developing; and Karyopharm's ability to obtain, maintain and enforce patent and other intellectual property protection for any of its products or product candidates. These and other risks are described under the caption "Risk Factors" in Karyopharm's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2023, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on May 4, 2023, and in other filings that Karyopharm may make with the SEC in the future. Any forward-looking statements contained in this press release speak only as of the date hereof, and, except as required by law, Karyopharm expressly disclaims any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
XPOVIO® and NEXPOVIO® are registered trademarks of Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc. Any other trademarks referred to in this release are the property of their respective owners.
SOURCE Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc.